Habit is second nature
Curious story, recorded from the words of the contemporaries of Peter I: «In 1718, when Peter the Great in Paris, he ordered to do in the same house for a Grenadier bath on the Bank of the river Seine, in the way they are after the heat of bathing. Such an unusual for the Parisians, according to them, the death of приключающее action produced crowded concourse of spectators. They looked with surprise, as soldiers, running out of heated steam bath, rushed into the river, swam and dived. The Royal Chamberlain Вертон, located in the servants of the Emperor, seeing himself this bathing, Peter the Great reported (not knowing that it is done on the orders of the Emperor), to his soldiers prohibited to swim, because-de all die. Peter, with a laugh, answered, «fear Not, Mr. Вертон. Soldiers from the Paris air subsided somewhat, so закаливают himself a Russian bath. We've had these things, and in the winter: the habit is second nature».
Peter himself I was a great lover and connoisseur of Russian bath. Let's turn to the pages of the remarkable novel A.N. Tolstoy's «Peter The First»:
«Peter Alekseevich was on the shelf near the ceiling, raised his thin knees, was pushing for himself a broom. The orderly - Nart - already two times it hovered and rinsed with cold water, and now he lay... Bath was a Linden forest, easy. Peter Alekseevich did not want to leave. ...Nart opened the brass door in the furnace, sprung to the side, pouring ladle kvass deeply in the red-hot stones. Flew strong gentle spirit, fever hit on the body, the smell of bread, Peter grunted, waving himself on the chest of leaves of a birch broom».
Further Menshikov says to Peter: «...in Paris, for example, sweating, and even kvass, " none of that don't understand and the people so small».
Is remembered and such a scene in the novel: «Peter Alexeyevich, she lowers her long legs, and sat on the shelf, lowered his head, with curly dark hair it was pouring sweat.
Well, he said, " very well. So, камрат my dear... Without St. Petersburg Yes without the bath we, as the body without the soul».
Peter the great was not only a great lover of a bath, but the organizers of the first водолечебных resorts in Russia. Visiting famous European resorts in Baden-Baden (here in the spurs of the black forest baths from the natural pair of mineral springs), carlsbad (current Karlovy-vary), Pyrmont, Spa, Peter ordered to search for лечительные water in the lands of his Majesty the Tsar. So «молотовый worker» Кончезерского plant Ivan Рябоев opened near Olonets, that in Karelia, «Marcial waters». Рябоев the first to have experienced the healing properties of a spring of mineral water. As the water source was glandular, it was called the Martian in honour of Mars - the God of war and iron. With interest we read «the Rules of дохтурские, as in these waters do that.»
Even at the dawn of humanity, people believed that the bath may protect them from diseases, the origin of which they attributed to the impure force. Therefore, the waters of the Ganges, Nile, the Jordan were regarded as Holy. Not accidental that all the religions of the ancient world - Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Islam required the «cleansing of the body» before prayers and entering into the temple. Not accidentally historians of medicine careful study of the Qur'an. There is no doubt that the founder of Islam, Mohammed had a wide range of medical knowledge, especially in the field of hygiene. The Qur'an, of course, not a treatise on hygiene. But it contains a number of recommendations on how to maintain the purity of the body.
The ancient Egyptian temples have been preserved wavy lines. It is a symbol of washing - the source of life. From the famous papyrus Эберса, this, we can say, the first medical encyclopedia, written by nineteen centuries ago and found in one of the фивских tombs, we learn that the ancient Egyptian priests were treating people baths of different temperatures.