«Elixirs well, and steam room better»
In Moscow at the current collective farm of the square stood the famous Sukharev tower. It was the mysterious «Íåïòóíîâà» of the company under the chairmanship of Lefort. Indispensable participants of the meetings were Peter I and his closest companions - Bruce, Menshikov, Apraksin per. Told that if Jacob Bruce endeavoured to make in the laboratories of the Sukharev tower elixirs the living and the dead water and commanded his servant to revive yourself after death. Curious Peter watched the experiments, in the meantime offered to arrange «ëå÷èòåëüíûå» baths. «Elixirs well, and steam room better.»
Many years later, in 1829, in the East room of the Sukharev tower was constructed from cast iron plates tank Mytishchi water supply, which holds up to 7 thousand buckets of water...
...When in 1703 was founded Petersburg, were allowed to build baths and all comers, but away from the residential and mainly of stone, so that there were no fires. It is interesting, that for construction of the baths was not taken any fees.
Remarkable archival record of the opening in St. Petersburg on Malaya Morskaya 11 November 1763 bath «for sweating and treatment of fluxes and other physical attacks on doctor's recommendations.»
The British Ambassador in Russia the count Êàðëýéëü, returning to his homeland, so he wrote about the Russian bath-house, which he had visited in Vologda: «Sauna structure consisted of a room, in which there was a big oven. Along the walls stood many benches, which, being removed from a well-heated oven on our own paryaschihsya, gave the feel of them to varying degrees of heat. From time to time on a red-hot heater water Lily, which, becoming, in pairs, produced a strong sweat, after which each rubbed his body and head». Further Êàðëýéëü ðèøåò about the fact, that the bath, «the benefits of which äîçíàíà experience, can be regarded as the means of the protection from disease.»
And here is a man millet, returning from Russia in Paris told, that «being in Siberia, fell from his horse, why they became his ïðåñèëüíàÿ pain and swelling, but, from this got rid he'll Russian bath».
Baths in Russia always gave therapeutic, recreational importance. Archives have preserved a record of what may 11 1733 from the medical office received permission «to start in Moscow curative bath». The owner of this institution obliged to «use in the bath only the exterior of the disease and difficult operations without the knowledge and of the Council of the doctoral not to... And labor for the price of renting a and without excesses, so that his complaints had not happened». In addition, «it is forbidden to keep hot wine, vodka and every protected drink.»
They say that in the old days, when I started working steam bath, áàíùèê went to the streets and asked the people: «In the bath! In the bath!»
«The Russian peasant, - noted in the encyclopedic dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron - far ahead of its European counterparts regarding the care of the purity of the skin.
Danube Ivanovich and don Ivanovich
If the ancient inhabitants of India bow down to the Ganges, believing in its cleansing properties, the Egyptians treated the Nile as to the divine, then the Russians for centuries worship the Volga river, called her his mother. Remember our wonderful tales. Their heroes-bogatyrs, dying, stretched wide rivers - the Danube Ivanovich, don Ivanovich. Bread and salt honored Sadko the Volga river, and Ilya Muromets oku. And the legend of the dead and the living water? In national epos said, that the dead water could heal wounds. As for the living water called heroic, she not only sealed the wound, but, and resurrected.
And the ancient holiday of Kupala?! Because of this, but essentially, purifying bathing. Water and fire. To prevent illness, hardened. Here is what you can read in the ancient Chronicles of the feast: «...that for the sake of íàðå÷åñÿ Èâàíü - evening êóïàëüíèöåé and squinting for the sake of guilt are good at different medical apart from».