«Elixirs well, and steam room better»
In Moscow at the current collective farm of the square stood the famous Sukharev tower. It was the mysterious «Íåïòóíîâà» of the company under the chairmanship of Lefort. Indispensable participants of the meetings were Peter I and his closest companions - Bruce, Menshikov, Apraksin per. Told that if Jacob Bruce endeavoured to make in the laboratories of the Sukharev tower elixirs the living and the dead water and commanded his servant to revive yourself after death. Curious Peter watched the experiments, in the meantime offered to arrange «ëå÷èòåëüíûå» baths. «Elixirs well, and steam room better.»
Many years later, in 1829, in the East room of the Sukharev tower was constructed from cast iron plates tank Mytishchi water supply, which holds up to 7 thousand buckets of water...
...When in 1703 was founded Petersburg, were allowed to build baths and all comers, but away from the residential and mainly of stone, so that there were no fires. It is interesting, that for construction of the baths was not taken any fees.
Remarkable archival record of the opening in St. Petersburg on Malaya Morskaya 11 November 1763 bath «for sweating and treatment of fluxes and other physical attacks on doctor's recommendations.»
The British Ambassador in Russia the count Êàðëýéëü, returning to his homeland, so he wrote about the Russian bath-house, which he had visited in Vologda: «Sauna structure consisted of a room, in which there was a big oven. Along the walls stood many benches, which, being removed from a well-heated oven on our own paryaschihsya, gave the feel of them to varying degrees of heat. From time to time on a red-hot heater water Lily, which, becoming, in pairs, produced a strong sweat, after which each rubbed his body and head». Further Êàðëýéëü ðèøåò about the fact, that the bath, «the benefits of which äîçíàíà experience, can be regarded as the means of the protection from disease.»
And here is a man millet, returning from Russia in Paris told, that «being in Siberia, fell from his horse, why they became his ïðåñèëüíàÿ pain and swelling, but, from this got rid he'll Russian bath».
Baths in Russia always gave therapeutic, recreational importance. Archives have preserved a record of what may 11 1733 from the medical office received permission «to start in Moscow curative bath». The owner of this institution obliged to «use in the bath only the exterior of the disease and difficult operations without the knowledge and of the Council of the doctoral not to... And labor for the price of renting a and without excesses, so that his complaints had not happened». In addition, «it is forbidden to keep hot wine, vodka and every protected drink.»
They say that in the old days, when I started working steam bath, áàíùèê went to the streets and asked the people: «In the bath! In the bath!»
«The Russian peasant, - noted in the encyclopedic dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron - far ahead of its European counterparts regarding the care of the purity of the skin.
We get acquainted with the traditions of Russian bath. But the Russian baths have a sister. Finnish sauna. Even in ancient times, steam room was revered as the Finns had a sacred place. Here they brought the sick to the amendment. The Finns there is a legend was born as a sauna. The drops of rain, leaked through a leaky roof, hit on the hot stones of the home. In the house of a whirlwind rushed the hot steam. People felt the gentle fragrant heat. He was, that is, to the court, and the people have decided their own hands to do what he could to make rain.
The Finns are so believe in the healing power of his bath, say, a sauna may enjoy every man, who is capable to her reach. As in the Russian bath, in the sauna ïîääàþò water on the hot stones of the fireplace. The Finns call them the soul of the sauna. As in the Russian bath, here love to have a birch broom. When and how to warm up, ðàñïàðÿòñÿ, it will pay off in cold lake.