«Elixirs well, and steam room better»
In Moscow at the current collective farm of the square stood the famous Sukharev tower. It was the mysterious «Нептунова» of the company under the chairmanship of Lefort. Indispensable participants of the meetings were Peter I and his closest companions - Bruce, Menshikov, Apraksin per. Told that if Jacob Bruce endeavoured to make in the laboratories of the Sukharev tower elixirs the living and the dead water and commanded his servant to revive yourself after death. Curious Peter watched the experiments, in the meantime offered to arrange «лечительные» baths. «Elixirs well, and steam room better.»
Many years later, in 1829, in the East room of the Sukharev tower was constructed from cast iron plates tank Mytishchi water supply, which holds up to 7 thousand buckets of water...
...When in 1703 was founded Petersburg, were allowed to build baths and all comers, but away from the residential and mainly of stone, so that there were no fires. It is interesting, that for construction of the baths was not taken any fees.
Remarkable archival record of the opening in St. Petersburg on Malaya Morskaya 11 November 1763 bath «for sweating and treatment of fluxes and other physical attacks on doctor's recommendations.»
The British Ambassador in Russia the count Карлэйль, returning to his homeland, so he wrote about the Russian bath-house, which he had visited in Vologda: «Sauna structure consisted of a room, in which there was a big oven. Along the walls stood many benches, which, being removed from a well-heated oven on our own paryaschihsya, gave the feel of them to varying degrees of heat. From time to time on a red-hot heater water Lily, which, becoming, in pairs, produced a strong sweat, after which each rubbed his body and head». Further Карлэйль ришет about the fact, that the bath, «the benefits of which дознана experience, can be regarded as the means of the protection from disease.»
And here is a man millet, returning from Russia in Paris told, that «being in Siberia, fell from his horse, why they became his пресильная pain and swelling, but, from this got rid he'll Russian bath».
Baths in Russia always gave therapeutic, recreational importance. Archives have preserved a record of what may 11 1733 from the medical office received permission «to start in Moscow curative bath». The owner of this institution obliged to «use in the bath only the exterior of the disease and difficult operations without the knowledge and of the Council of the doctoral not to... And labor for the price of renting a and without excesses, so that his complaints had not happened». In addition, «it is forbidden to keep hot wine, vodka and every protected drink.»
They say that in the old days, when I started working steam bath, банщик went to the streets and asked the people: «In the bath! In the bath!»
«The Russian peasant, - noted in the encyclopedic dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron - far ahead of its European counterparts regarding the care of the purity of the skin.
Even at the dawn of humanity, people believed that the bath may protect them from diseases, the origin of which they attributed to the impure force. Therefore, the waters of the Ganges, Nile, the Jordan were regarded as Holy. Not accidental that all the religions of the ancient world - Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Islam required the «cleansing of the body» before prayers and entering into the temple. Not accidentally historians of medicine careful study of the Qur'an. There is no doubt that the founder of Islam, Mohammed had a wide range of medical knowledge, especially in the field of hygiene. The Qur'an, of course, not a treatise on hygiene. But it contains a number of recommendations on how to maintain the purity of the body.
The ancient Egyptian temples have been preserved wavy lines. It is a symbol of washing - the source of life. From the famous papyrus Эберса, this, we can say, the first medical encyclopedia, written by nineteen centuries ago and found in one of the фивских tombs, we learn that the ancient Egyptian priests were treating people baths of different temperatures.