For «fortress and the health of the body»
Speaking about the Russian bath, want to come back to the treatise of Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî Sanchez. Sanchez writes about Russian baths as of äðàãîöåííåéøåì wellbeing, which could lead to a «fortress and the health of the body,» not only in Russia. So, in fact, happened. Russian baths began to spread throughout the world. So, for example, after the campaign of Napoleon to Russia, its destruction and the entry of Russian troops in Western European countries our baths were built in France, Germany, and Switzerland. Even in the XVIII century the sauna at our sample were to do in London and new York.
What is, according to Sanchez, the superiority of Russian bathhouse? Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî writes that although there are no luxury of Roman baths, but «the Russians are produced in the same room what the Romans did, and the Turks and the inhabitants of the Eastern and now is done in four or five.» But the most important advantage, emphasizes Sanchez, is how amenable to par. In the Russian sauna steam is injected with the help of the Kamenka river, which formed the hot stones. Wanted to hot - splashed water in the heater. «This renewal of vapor repaired through every five minutes. ...In the Roman, Turkish bath steam goes out because poured over the hot floor, under which pass pipes. But as they do not ïåðåìåíÿþòñÿ fresh air, then easily you can conclude that these baths have disadvantages, which in Russian ñèâñåì averted».
In a word, makes the conclusion Sanchez, a new pairs creates a new air.
«This way the produced steam will be relaxes the solid parts of the body, like pairs of ancient Roman and current Turkish baths: for this pairs in the Russian bath-house, as drawn up by natural particles of fire and air and renew in part, ìÿã÷èò and not relaxes him; he expands the instruments of inhalation, military and other sinews, recovers and restores lost part in the condition in which they were before.»
Much since then, as the saying goes, water has flowed under the bridge, but the words of Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî Sanchez and now perceived with keen interest. Why, in all of methodical manuals on a physiotherapy Russian bath is regarded as the classic method of òåïëîëå÷åííÿ. Millions of people derive in this unique and extremely simple means of vigor, health, training.
As old as the world
When the steam saunas? It is hardly possible to name the exact date. But the fact that the bath is as old as the world, no doubt. It is known from time immemorial, from the ancient Egyptians and the Chaldeans, the Phoenicians and the Aztecs, Chinese and Indians, Vikings, and Slavs.
In 123 kilometers from the capital of Libya Tripoli are the famous ruins of the ancient Phoenician city of Leptis Magna. Twenty centuries ago here was a high civilization. By the way, dug here in 1693, the French 600 marble columns went to the construction of the Palace of Versailles and the Church of Saint-Germain des Pres in Paris. Among the ruins of Leptis Magna attract the attention of thalassotherapy center, public toilets made of marble and comfortable bath. Original method of heating the ancient baths. Hollowed out in the rock a huge hole, which was filled with water. Immediately a huge brazier was heated to a white heat of stone. Then block encountered in the pit. The water instantly warmed and on the tubes going in the various departments of the bath.