For «fortress and the health of the body»
Speaking about the Russian bath, want to come back to the treatise of Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî Sanchez. Sanchez writes about Russian baths as of äðàãîöåííåéøåì wellbeing, which could lead to a «fortress and the health of the body,» not only in Russia. So, in fact, happened. Russian baths began to spread throughout the world. So, for example, after the campaign of Napoleon to Russia, its destruction and the entry of Russian troops in Western European countries our baths were built in France, Germany, and Switzerland. Even in the XVIII century the sauna at our sample were to do in London and new York.
What is, according to Sanchez, the superiority of Russian bathhouse? Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî writes that although there are no luxury of Roman baths, but «the Russians are produced in the same room what the Romans did, and the Turks and the inhabitants of the Eastern and now is done in four or five.» But the most important advantage, emphasizes Sanchez, is how amenable to par. In the Russian sauna steam is injected with the help of the Kamenka river, which formed the hot stones. Wanted to hot - splashed water in the heater. «This renewal of vapor repaired through every five minutes. ...In the Roman, Turkish bath steam goes out because poured over the hot floor, under which pass pipes. But as they do not ïåðåìåíÿþòñÿ fresh air, then easily you can conclude that these baths have disadvantages, which in Russian ñèâñåì averted».
In a word, makes the conclusion Sanchez, a new pairs creates a new air.
«This way the produced steam will be relaxes the solid parts of the body, like pairs of ancient Roman and current Turkish baths: for this pairs in the Russian bath-house, as drawn up by natural particles of fire and air and renew in part, ìÿã÷èò and not relaxes him; he expands the instruments of inhalation, military and other sinews, recovers and restores lost part in the condition in which they were before.»
Much since then, as the saying goes, water has flowed under the bridge, but the words of Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî Sanchez and now perceived with keen interest. Why, in all of methodical manuals on a physiotherapy Russian bath is regarded as the classic method of òåïëîëå÷åííÿ. Millions of people derive in this unique and extremely simple means of vigor, health, training.
«The white» and «black»
A steam room to its original essence is a simple, yet ingenious construction. Hardly it is not one of the most ancient buildings, the construction of which has reached our days. In the villages of this hut, it was pole-of logs. Often half-buried in the ground. First, go into the small dressing, undressing, and then directly in the sauna, in the steam room. In the steam room - stove - oven, in which imposed stones. Furnace heating, stones heated. The smoke through a pipe to the outside. Therefore, they say, steam «-white». Stones poured hot water. Bath is filled with hot steam. And then you can climb up on the shelves. They in the form of three-four steps. The higher, the hotter.
Sometimes you can hear: I steamed himself «on-black». What is it? This is the most ancient Russian bath, some of them preserved in our days. A tiny log cabin. Furnace heating, a chimney no. Smoke comes out in the steam room, the walls of Smoking. Hence the name - on-black«. Such a bath after furnace ventilated. Îêàòûâàþò the walls of water. Then ïîääàþò several gangs of water in the heater: this is called pairing bath.