For «fortress and the health of the body»
Speaking about the Russian bath, want to come back to the treatise of Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî Sanchez. Sanchez writes about Russian baths as of äðàãîöåííåéøåì wellbeing, which could lead to a «fortress and the health of the body,» not only in Russia. So, in fact, happened. Russian baths began to spread throughout the world. So, for example, after the campaign of Napoleon to Russia, its destruction and the entry of Russian troops in Western European countries our baths were built in France, Germany, and Switzerland. Even in the XVIII century the sauna at our sample were to do in London and new York.
What is, according to Sanchez, the superiority of Russian bathhouse? Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî writes that although there are no luxury of Roman baths, but «the Russians are produced in the same room what the Romans did, and the Turks and the inhabitants of the Eastern and now is done in four or five.» But the most important advantage, emphasizes Sanchez, is how amenable to par. In the Russian sauna steam is injected with the help of the Kamenka river, which formed the hot stones. Wanted to hot - splashed water in the heater. «This renewal of vapor repaired through every five minutes. ...In the Roman, Turkish bath steam goes out because poured over the hot floor, under which pass pipes. But as they do not ïåðåìåíÿþòñÿ fresh air, then easily you can conclude that these baths have disadvantages, which in Russian ñèâñåì averted».
In a word, makes the conclusion Sanchez, a new pairs creates a new air.
«This way the produced steam will be relaxes the solid parts of the body, like pairs of ancient Roman and current Turkish baths: for this pairs in the Russian bath-house, as drawn up by natural particles of fire and air and renew in part, ìÿã÷èò and not relaxes him; he expands the instruments of inhalation, military and other sinews, recovers and restores lost part in the condition in which they were before.»
Much since then, as the saying goes, water has flowed under the bridge, but the words of Antonio Nunez Ðèáåðî Sanchez and now perceived with keen interest. Why, in all of methodical manuals on a physiotherapy Russian bath is regarded as the classic method of òåïëîëå÷åííÿ. Millions of people derive in this unique and extremely simple means of vigor, health, training.
Habit is second nature
Curious story, recorded from the words of the contemporaries of Peter I: «In 1718, when Peter the Great in Paris, he ordered to do in the same house for a Grenadier bath on the Bank of the river Seine, in the way they are after the heat of bathing. Such an unusual for the Parisians, according to them, the death of ïðèêëþ÷àþùåå action produced crowded concourse of spectators. They looked with surprise, as soldiers, running out of heated steam bath, rushed into the river, swam and dived. The Royal Chamberlain Âåðòîí, located in the servants of the Emperor, seeing himself this bathing, Peter the Great reported (not knowing that it is done on the orders of the Emperor), to his soldiers prohibited to swim, because-de all die. Peter, with a laugh, answered, «fear Not, Mr. Âåðòîí. Soldiers from the Paris air subsided somewhat, so çàêàëèâàþò himself a Russian bath. We've had these things, and in the winter: the habit is second nature».
Peter himself I was a great lover and connoisseur of Russian bath. Let's turn to the pages of the remarkable novel A.N. Tolstoy's «Peter The First»: