Before the attack on Kazan
Unfortunately, many of the good traditions of Russian bath forgotten, lost and need to be patiently, literally, bit by bit, to collect. This will help us book our writers. Once again, we have experienced the charm of the «great Russian bath», which was celebrated A.S. Pushkin. A.N. Tolstoy with his characteristic imagery told how «банился» Peter I. But there are still a lot of Russian literature прелюбопытнейших «bath» pages, which will help us to revive good traditions.
A remarkable Soviet writer Vyacheslav Shishkov perfectly knew the Russian way of life, especially the inhabitants of the Urals and Siberia, where long like a hot bath. In the historical narrative of the Емельяне Pugachev is a curious episode in which a steam room is revealed in all its diversity, and the present fans of a steam learn a lot of interesting things about the bathhouse procedure.
We vividly imagine a vast wooden bath-house, lit by oil hanging lanterns. Lime, white-washed with дресвой the bench... On the shelves - three painted birch bark writings туяса with honey Yes with the «old-fashioned» kvas, that «шибает in the nose and great clarify in the brain creates.» On an oaken table - вехотки, суконки, washcloths, pieces of scented soap. «Мыловарнями their Kazan since ancient times, famous for». In doubles office, on the benches, обваренные boiling water, fragrant mint, калуфер, savory and other herbs. In кипучем boiler kvass with mint - for steaming birch brooms and поддавания to the stove.
...That's Krokhin began bucket for bucket поддавать in the oven. Steam room was filled with aromatic steam. The rustle of silk зажихали brooms. Steamed неуемно. And the merchant all added and added, not sparing духмяного kvass. Pairs of white explosions пыхнув, or dashed up in all directions.
«It is nice to покрякивая and blinking, Pugachev said:
Oh, grace! Well, thank you, Ivan Vasilyevich!.. Never been in a sauna steam. The bout was the Imperial is good but this is better.
- God is with us! - cried the merchant answered. And do you want grated редечкой with a red vinegar a rubdown?
- Come on, come on.
Rubbed each other, groaned, roared, the skin became багряною, burning. In the blood, muscles shook, and his heart was light-hearted and bright.»
Further merchant persuades Pugacheva a drink after a bath:
«- It is said: the year do not drink, and after the bath steal, Yes drink».
Pugachev, as it turned out, was not eager to your drunken:
« "Aaah good. Only, you can, in fact, it is not впотребляю I strong».
«The white» and «black»
A steam room to its original essence is a simple, yet ingenious construction. Hardly it is not one of the most ancient buildings, the construction of which has reached our days. In the villages of this hut, it was pole-of logs. Often half-buried in the ground. First, go into the small dressing, undressing, and then directly in the sauna, in the steam room. In the steam room - stove - oven, in which imposed stones. Furnace heating, stones heated. The smoke through a pipe to the outside. Therefore, they say, steam «-white». Stones poured hot water. Bath is filled with hot steam. And then you can climb up on the shelves. They in the form of three-four steps. The higher, the hotter.
Sometimes you can hear: I steamed himself «on-black». What is it? This is the most ancient Russian bath, some of them preserved in our days. A tiny log cabin. Furnace heating, a chimney no. Smoke comes out in the steam room, the walls of Smoking. Hence the name - on-black«. Such a bath after furnace ventilated. Окатывают the walls of water. Then поддают several gangs of water in the heater: this is called pairing bath.