Moscow without a bath - not Moscow
V.A. Gilyarovsky, the famous «uncle Ãèëÿé», in the book «Moscow and Muscovites», wrote: «Moscow without bath - not Moscow!». In the luxury of the sandunovsky baths baths, notes Gilyarovsky, ïåðåáûâàëà and ãðèáîåäîâñêàÿ, and Pushkinskaya Moscow, the one that was in the passenger compartment Zinaida Volkonskaya in the English club. Leading the story of the baths, the writer quotes the words of the old actor Ivan Alekseevich Grigorovsky: «And Pushkin saw... he loved hot steam!»
Today the famous Ñàíäóíîâñêèì baths, where with great pleasure I go not only Muscovites, but also guests of the capital, including from foreign countries, more than 167 years! Even before construction of the luxurious baths nearby, in the Kuznetsk a number of (then called the current Kuznetsky most) of the river Neglinnaya, have long been the bath. Logs are renowned for their excellent ferry. Water for washing delivered with the help of «crane» right out of the river. A rampaging in 1737, the Moscow fire left from these baths, as well as from many other buildings, only the charred pipes. And here in the ashes of the burned baths famous actors Petrovsky theatre spouses Ñàíäóíîâû, having received the inheritance, was built in 1806 stone bath. With great artistic taste, comfort. Not less popular now, especially among athletes, Central baths were built much later, in 1891.
But let's go back to the book «uncle Ãèëÿÿ». He recalls the famous poet of the 60-ies of the last century (19th century) P. In. Schumacher, a great lover of Russian bath, devoted to her these lines:
In the bath broom more than all the boyars,
Put it, ñóõìÿíîãî in çàïàð,
So it was sweet and âçáó÷èñòûé.
Ëîïàøèñòûé and äðà÷èñòûé...
And I got to high on the shelves,
In the soft, free, in Magenta Paroc
Started a broom I'm sweating,
Silky, õâîñòèñòûì roast...
As old as the world
When the steam saunas? It is hardly possible to name the exact date. But the fact that the bath is as old as the world, no doubt. It is known from time immemorial, from the ancient Egyptians and the Chaldeans, the Phoenicians and the Aztecs, Chinese and Indians, Vikings, and Slavs.
In 123 kilometers from the capital of Libya Tripoli are the famous ruins of the ancient Phoenician city of Leptis Magna. Twenty centuries ago here was a high civilization. By the way, dug here in 1693, the French 600 marble columns went to the construction of the Palace of Versailles and the Church of Saint-Germain des Pres in Paris. Among the ruins of Leptis Magna attract the attention of thalassotherapy center, public toilets made of marble and comfortable bath. Original method of heating the ancient baths. Hollowed out in the rock a huge hole, which was filled with water. Immediately a huge brazier was heated to a white heat of stone. Then block encountered in the pit. The water instantly warmed and on the tubes going in the various departments of the bath.