Moscow without a bath - not Moscow
V.A. Gilyarovsky, the famous «uncle Ãèëÿé», in the book «Moscow and Muscovites», wrote: «Moscow without bath - not Moscow!». In the luxury of the sandunovsky baths baths, notes Gilyarovsky, ïåðåáûâàëà and ãðèáîåäîâñêàÿ, and Pushkinskaya Moscow, the one that was in the passenger compartment Zinaida Volkonskaya in the English club. Leading the story of the baths, the writer quotes the words of the old actor Ivan Alekseevich Grigorovsky: «And Pushkin saw... he loved hot steam!»
Today the famous Ñàíäóíîâñêèì baths, where with great pleasure I go not only Muscovites, but also guests of the capital, including from foreign countries, more than 167 years! Even before construction of the luxurious baths nearby, in the Kuznetsk a number of (then called the current Kuznetsky most) of the river Neglinnaya, have long been the bath. Logs are renowned for their excellent ferry. Water for washing delivered with the help of «crane» right out of the river. A rampaging in 1737, the Moscow fire left from these baths, as well as from many other buildings, only the charred pipes. And here in the ashes of the burned baths famous actors Petrovsky theatre spouses Ñàíäóíîâû, having received the inheritance, was built in 1806 stone bath. With great artistic taste, comfort. Not less popular now, especially among athletes, Central baths were built much later, in 1891.
But let's go back to the book «uncle Ãèëÿÿ». He recalls the famous poet of the 60-ies of the last century (19th century) P. In. Schumacher, a great lover of Russian bath, devoted to her these lines:
In the bath broom more than all the boyars,
Put it, ñóõìÿíîãî in çàïàð,
So it was sweet and âçáó÷èñòûé.
Ëîïàøèñòûé and äðà÷èñòûé...
And I got to high on the shelves,
In the soft, free, in Magenta Paroc
Started a broom I'm sweating,
Silky, õâîñòèñòûì roast...
«The white» and «black»
A steam room to its original essence is a simple, yet ingenious construction. Hardly it is not one of the most ancient buildings, the construction of which has reached our days. In the villages of this hut, it was pole-of logs. Often half-buried in the ground. First, go into the small dressing, undressing, and then directly in the sauna, in the steam room. In the steam room - stove - oven, in which imposed stones. Furnace heating, stones heated. The smoke through a pipe to the outside. Therefore, they say, steam «-white». Stones poured hot water. Bath is filled with hot steam. And then you can climb up on the shelves. They in the form of three-four steps. The higher, the hotter.
Sometimes you can hear: I steamed himself «on-black». What is it? This is the most ancient Russian bath, some of them preserved in our days. A tiny log cabin. Furnace heating, a chimney no. Smoke comes out in the steam room, the walls of Smoking. Hence the name - on-black«. Such a bath after furnace ventilated. Îêàòûâàþò the walls of water. Then ïîääàþò several gangs of water in the heater: this is called pairing bath.