As old as the world
When the steam saunas? It is hardly possible to name the exact date. But the fact that the bath is as old as the world, no doubt. It is known from time immemorial, from the ancient Egyptians and the Chaldeans, the Phoenicians and the Aztecs, Chinese and Indians, Vikings, and Slavs.
In 123 kilometers from the capital of Libya Tripoli are the famous ruins of the ancient Phoenician city of Leptis Magna. Twenty centuries ago here was a high civilization. By the way, dug here in 1693, the French 600 marble columns went to the construction of the Palace of Versailles and the Church of Saint-Germain des Pres in Paris. Among the ruins of Leptis Magna attract the attention of thalassotherapy center, public toilets made of marble and comfortable bath. Original method of heating the ancient baths. Hollowed out in the rock a huge hole, which was filled with water. Immediately a huge brazier was heated to a white heat of stone. Then block encountered in the pit. The water instantly warmed and on the tubes going in the various departments of the bath.
The famous British archaeologist Arthur Evans found at Knossos, on the island of Crete, the traces of the ancient Kingdom. 3 thousand years before the rise of Ancient Greece there was a rich culture. Beautiful paved roads across the island along and across. In откопанном archaeologists Royal Palace was discovered water. Waste water were taken on special зацементированным channel? Debris were collected in a silo pits, where processed into compost, which went to the fields as fertilizer. Was in the king's Palace toilets, baths, swimming pools. And baths. According to how well they are equipped with, one can assume that there conducted various water therapy procedures. The ancient inhabitants of Crete, apparently, knew about health bath.
For the medical purposes
The famous Greek Herodotus, the «father of history», as it is called, wrote that the residents of the ancient steppes «always had in their settlements of the hut with the ever-burning fire. When the stones раскалялись, they poured water, sprinkled hemp seed and the hot couples washed his balls».
As has already been mentioned, steam room appeared in the East Slavic myths. It is noteworthy that about old Russian steam bath is mentioned in the famous chronicle «Tale of bygone years» (945). Tells the story of the legendary journey of the Apostle Andrew from Sinop to Rome in Kiev and Novgorod. In Veliky Novgorod Andrey saw wooden baths where people, uncovering himself, poured alkaline kvass, beat their brooms and at the end of the окатывались cold water. «Видех bath древены. And облеются kvass уснияным, and возмуть on CE прутье young (and) beat be themselves, and be done away with barely слезут Le live, and облеются water студенного...».