When the steam saunas? It is hardly possible to name the exact date. But the fact that the bath is as old as the world, no doubt. It is known from time immemorial, from the ancient Egyptians and the Chaldeans, the Phoenicians and the Aztecs, Chinese and Indians, Vikings, and Slavs.
In 123 kilometers from the capital of Libya Tripoli are the famous ruins of the ancient Phoenician city of Leptis Magna. Twenty centuries ago here was a high civilization. By the way, dug here in 1693, the French 600 marble columns went to the construction of the Palace of Versailles and the Church of Saint-Germain des Pres in Paris. Among the ruins of Leptis Magna attract the attention of thalassotherapy center, public toilets made of marble and comfortable bath. Original method of heating the ancient baths. Hollowed out in the rock a huge hole, which was filled with water. Immediately a huge brazier was heated to a white heat of stone. Then block encountered in the pit. The water instantly warmed and on the tubes going in the various departments of the bath.
The famous British archaeologist Arthur Evans found at Knossos, on the island of Crete, the traces of the ancient Kingdom. 3 thousand years before the rise of Ancient Greece there was a rich culture. Beautiful paved roads across the island along and across. In îòêîïàííîì archaeologists Royal Palace was discovered water. Waste water were taken on special çàöåìåíòèðîâàííûì channel? Debris were collected in a silo pits, where processed into compost, which went to the fields as fertilizer. Was in the king's Palace toilets, baths, swimming pools. And baths. According to how well they are equipped with, one can assume that there conducted various water therapy procedures. The ancient inhabitants of Crete, apparently, knew about health bath.
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«The white» and «black»
A steam room to its original essence is a simple, yet ingenious construction. Hardly it is not one of the most ancient buildings, the construction of which has reached our days. In the villages of this hut, it was pole-of logs. Often half-buried in the ground. First, go into the small dressing, undressing, and then directly in the sauna, in the steam room. In the steam room - stove - oven, in which imposed stones. Furnace heating, stones heated. The smoke through a pipe to the outside. Therefore, they say, steam «-white». Stones poured hot water. Bath is filled with hot steam. And then you can climb up on the shelves. They in the form of three-four steps. The higher, the hotter.
Sometimes you can hear: I steamed himself «on-black». What is it? This is the most ancient Russian bath, some of them preserved in our days. A tiny log cabin. Furnace heating, a chimney no. Smoke comes out in the steam room, the walls of Smoking. Hence the name - on-black«. Such a bath after furnace ventilated. Îêàòûâàþò the walls of water. Then ïîääàþò several gangs of water in the heater: this is called pairing bath.