«The white» and «black»
A steam room to its original essence is a simple, yet ingenious construction. Hardly it is not one of the most ancient buildings, the construction of which has reached our days. In the villages of this hut, it was pole-of logs. Often half-buried in the ground. First, go into the small dressing, undressing, and then directly in the sauna, in the steam room. In the steam room - stove - oven, in which imposed stones. Furnace heating, stones heated. The smoke through a pipe to the outside. Therefore, they say, steam «-white». Stones poured hot water. Bath is filled with hot steam. And then you can climb up on the shelves. They in the form of three-four steps. The higher, the hotter.
Sometimes you can hear: I steamed himself «on-black». What is it? This is the most ancient Russian bath, some of them preserved in our days. A tiny log cabin. Furnace heating, a chimney no. Smoke comes out in the steam room, the walls of Smoking. Hence the name - on-black«. Such a bath after furnace ventilated. Îêàòûâàþò the walls of water. Then ïîääàþò several gangs of water in the heater: this is called pairing bath.
Who had to steam in the bath (the author of these lines had to go to the bath «on-black» at Valdai), don't forget it «äóõîâèòîñòè». Hot and at the same time gentle heat. The aroma of the hearth. And what a happy ïåðâîáûòïîñòü.
A «journey» in the oven? It was once the favourite in many of our countries, and particularly in non-forested areas, where it was not possible to build a separate log-bath. Who have experienced this kind of a way to steam (it has survived to this day), find in it a special charm. Baked in, say, a large Russian stove bread. Pulled it out, removed ash and coal, clean as it should be. Then laid inside the straw or a Board laid and, careful not to touch the heated walls and ceiling, right in the oven, feet first. But even before you get into the oven, in advance lay there ðàñïàðåííûé a birch broom and put áàäåéêó with water. Dipped beam straw in water and sprayed on the walls of the furnace. Reared up clubs of hot steam. But couples instantly dissipated, and in the furnace remains a pleasant heat. Ðàñïàðèâøèñü, as cautiously selected from the furnace. And not regret the cold water, and if the nearby river and dive right into it.
Learn many interesting things about simple things such as steam room, sauna, Hammam.
I recall a conversation with Ivan Mikhailovich Ñàðêèçîâûì-Ñåðàçèíè. The eminent Professor, and very friendly people, noticing my interest in the steam bath, said: «See here, my friend, to history. It will raise an interesting details. A lot of lost and forgotten in this ancient as mankind itself, custom. Everyone in the apartment now has its own bath. But sin to forget the old Russian bath-house!»