All of the baths and saunas

For the medical purposes

The famous Greek Herodotus, the father of history, as it is called, wrote that the residents of the ancient steppes always had in their settlements of the hut with the ever-burning fire. When the stones , they poured water, sprinkled hemp seed and the hot couples washed his balls.

As has already been mentioned, steam room appeared in the East Slavic myths. It is noteworthy that about old Russian steam bath is mentioned in the famous chronicle Tale of bygone years (945). Tells the story of the legendary journey of the Apostle Andrew from Sinop to Rome in Kiev and Novgorod. In Veliky Novgorod Andrey saw wooden baths where people, uncovering himself, poured alkaline kvass, beat their brooms and at the end of the cold water. bath . And kvass , and on CE young (and) beat be themselves, and be done away with barely Le live, and water ....

In the times about which reports the chronicle, the Eastern Slavs was not yet cities. So we're talking about the V - VI centuries.

And here is another interesting detail. It turns out that the Pechersk monks showed keen interest in ancient Greek medicine. Having heard about the benefits of a steam bath, they behaved with them for medicinal purposes. Not by accident in the Charter of the Grand Prince of Vladimir (966) the baths were called institutions for . In the year 1091 Pereyaslavl Bishop Ephraim began to have baths, which were a kind of clinics, perhaps, the first in Russia.

About the bath we can read and in the Chronicles of the X-XIII centuries. It is called: , , , soap, dish soap, or just steam room. In the contract between Rus and Byzantium (907 g.) Rusichi guaranteed them the right to arrival in Constantinople to use the bath: And Yes they do them want.

...Built not only wooden baths, but also of stone. So, in one of the Chronicles mention that the first stone bath is built in Pereslavl in 1090.

In the novel the wonderful Soviet writer and historian Vasily Yan Princess, drawing a struggle of the Russian people for their independence, there is such episode.

...Winter of the year 1237. The grandson of Genghis Khan Batu-Khan with his cavalry to Moscow. His attention was attracted by log cabins near the river, out of which poured thick steam. People rushed headlong rushing out from thence, rushed to the ice hole and immersed.

Batu-Khan pointed out with a whip in the log: What do these madmen? These houses are called soap, - the interpreter. - There residents (so the Mongols called Moscow) beat yourself with birch, should be washed with hot water and kvass, then bathed in the ice-hole. This is very useful. Because (i.e. Russian) such strong.

 

Along with this article, read it here:

Each house

In front of me, the most curious historical document: the Detailed description of the trip Holstein Embassy in Muscovy and Persia. Its author Adam Olearius (), German scientist and traveler, in 1633 year visited Moscow. Then in 1635-1639 years made a journey through Russia in Persia. Olearius wrote that the Russians believed the false-Dimitrii for the stranger, because he was not fond of baths, which in Russia is so common that there is not a single city or a village, in which there would be no steam bath, public or private.

A visit to one of the baths Astrakhan, Olearius notes: the Russians can make extraordinary heat, and in the bath, lying on the shelves, told to beat myself and RUB my body hot birch brooms, which I could not bear; then, when the heat they shall be all red... they run out all naked and poured cold water; in the winter same, jumped out of the bath, they are lying in the snow, rubbed his body, as if the soap, and then, thus, re-enter in a hot bath. As the baths they usually are arranged by the rivers or streams, the washable at them from the heat of the right thrown in the cold water.

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Baths and Saunas



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