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The famous Greek Herodotus, the father of history, as it is called, wrote that the residents of the ancient steppes always had in their settlements of the hut with the ever-burning fire. When the stones , they poured water, sprinkled hemp seed and the hot couples washed his balls.

As has already been mentioned, steam room appeared in the East Slavic myths. It is noteworthy that about old Russian steam bath is mentioned in the famous chronicle Tale of bygone years (945). Tells the story of the legendary journey of the Apostle Andrew from Sinop to Rome in Kiev and Novgorod. In Veliky Novgorod Andrey saw wooden baths where people, uncovering himself, poured alkaline kvass, beat their brooms and at the end of the cold water. bath . And kvass , and on CE young (and) beat be themselves, and be done away with barely Le live, and water ....

In the times about which reports the chronicle, the Eastern Slavs was not yet cities. So we're talking about the V - VI centuries.

And here is another interesting detail. It turns out that the Pechersk monks showed keen interest in ancient Greek medicine. Having heard about the benefits of a steam bath, they behaved with them for medicinal purposes. Not by accident in the Charter of the Grand Prince of Vladimir (966) the baths were called institutions for . In the year 1091 Pereyaslavl Bishop Ephraim began to have baths, which were a kind of clinics, perhaps, the first in Russia.

About the bath we can read and in the Chronicles of the X-XIII centuries. It is called: , , , soap, dish soap, or just steam room. In the contract between Rus and Byzantium (907 g.) Rusichi guaranteed them the right to arrival in Constantinople to use the bath: And Yes they do them want.

...Built not only wooden baths, but also of stone. So, in one of the Chronicles mention that the first stone bath is built in Pereslavl in 1090.

In the novel the wonderful Soviet writer and historian Vasily Yan Princess, drawing a struggle of the Russian people for their independence, there is such episode.

...Winter of the year 1237. The grandson of Genghis Khan Batu-Khan with his cavalry to Moscow. His attention was attracted by log cabins near the river, out of which poured thick steam. People rushed headlong rushing out from thence, rushed to the ice hole and immersed.

Batu-Khan pointed out with a whip in the log: What do these madmen? These houses are called soap, - the interpreter. - There residents (so the Mongols called Moscow) beat yourself with birch, should be washed with hot water and kvass, then bathed in the ice-hole. This is very useful. Because (i.e. Russian) such strong.


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In recent years among scientists - historians and doctors conducted a lively debate around very curious . The fate of this medieval medical treatise up to the end is not studied. There exist a few versions as to who was the author of a very instructive works. We will not go into disputes and historians will tell only one of the versions about the origin of the ancient medical books.

At the end of the XIX century in the library of Lorenzo de ' Medici in Florence was found most interesting under the name of Ointment (Alim). Someone suggests that its written in the XII century Eupraxia was the granddaughter of the Kyiv Prince Vladimir Monomakh. Even as a child Eupraxia showed great interest in folk medicine, collecting herbs and healed the sick, for which its people have nicknamed . The fate of the Evpraksia has developed so, that she was obliged to marry the Byzantine Tsarevich Alexis Comnenus and here, in Jerusalem, was given a new name - Zoe Princess still fond of medicine, studied the works of Hippocrates and Galen, wrote his wonderful , which is highly appreciated modern her doctors. In the Salve a lot of interesting things about the treatment of external and internal diseases. It is curious, that the wounds were asked to treat leaven, in which, as determined by the current medicine, included vitamins. Zoe-Eupraxia writes about the teeth as white to do. Many pages are devoted to health, which proved good bath, which is very protects the health and strengthens the body.

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Baths and Saunas

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